Beginning of the construction of the technical glass plant
On September 26, 1956 the Council of Ministers of the Bashkir ASSR adopted a resolution on allotment of land for construction of a polished glass plant of the RSFSR Construction Materials Industry Ministry. The Leningrad Design Institute "Giprosteklo" began to develop the project of the new plant. The All-Soviet Union Institute of Glass Machine Building was in charge of designing the glass polishing and grinding conveyors.
In the process of selecting a site for the construction of the plant, Giprosteklo examined three cities - Sterlitamak, Ishimbai and Salavat. The fact that there were two main gas pipelines near the town, the Salavat thermal power station, and free and convenient land plots for construction played in Salavat's favor.
On October 11 of the same year Yury Seskutov was appointed director of the Salavat Technical Glass Plant.
The peculiarity of the Salavat Technical Glass Plant was the fact that it was being built at a new site and there were no qualified engineers and workers. Specialists had to be "imported" from various glass plants of the former Soviet Union. The stone masons were mostly from Bryansk; machinists, glass makers and workshop engineering technicians - from Krasnousolsk, machinists and engineering technicians of related workshops - from Vladimir.
June 30, 1962
Birthday of Salavat Technical Glass Plant
Production and shipment of the first product - staple glass fiber in rolls. The fibers were produced by vertical steam blowing. Staple glass fiber workshop produced about 100 thousand m3 of the product per year. As a heat-insulating material, glass fiber was widely used in construction in Siberia, the Urals and the Far East and other regions of the country.
The first responsible executives: Fedorova, Ovchinnikova, Limarenko;
Head of the workshop: Pugachev;
Shift supervisors: Smirnov, Filippov, Sergeyev, Voloshenko, Holomjev;
Glass makers: Aspidov, Ezhov, Taranets, Kugaevsky, Ratkin, Popov;
Stone masons on duty: Volodin, Fedorov, Mukhamedyanov, Vasyunin;
Metalworkers: Pozharsky, Safin, Kazakov.
Start-up of the window glass workshop by the glass ribbon upward drawing.
Start up took place on the eve of the Builders' day on August 10, 1963. On this day the largest glass-melting furnace in Europe manufacturing the window glass was lit at the plant. In December, the commission accepted the whole complex of glass window constructions with a capacity of 9 million m2 per year. Before that the glass melt had been melting for a month. More than 2000 tons of molten glass was bubbling in the glass melting furnace. It would take at least one thousand dump trucks to load this glass melt into machines. The Head of the workshop was Vladimir Ignatov. At the start-up of the workshop the following people distinguished themselves: glass makers Ovchinnikov, Rogozhin, engine man Ermolaev, shift supervisor Skorobogatov, foreman Kovalev, engine men Bakaev, Vinter. Kazakulov, Ermolaev and Zverev, the specialists who were operating the upward drawing machine No.7, were the first people who literally took in hand the first produced Salavat glass.
Seskutov, Budov, Ignatov, Shutovsky, Bogorats, Fedorov, Milkov, Volodin, Vasyunin, Kovylev, Monakhov, Limarenko, Ovchinnikov, Fedorova, Minkov and many others stood at the launch of the first-born product of the plant, bringing it to the level of the largest in the Soviet Union. The production of glazing plate glass by upward drawing was mastered the following year.
Start of production of soluble sodium silicate
Initially the production volume was 50 thousand tons per year. On July 9, 1964 committee headed by chief engineer Budov, chief technologist Ignatov and chief mechanic Silinsky accepted the furnace for loading with ehrklez - glass stone.
On September 7, the drying and establishment of stable operation began. Pugachev was the Head of the workshop, Biryukova and Khasanova were in charge of the shifts, Shuvalov and Vasilyev were the first glass makers. Makarov, Bashin, Romanova, Tagirov, Glushenko, Goncharova, Baranova, Sagitova were part of the cohesive team. For a short time, the capacity was almost doubled. The production at that time was in demand at the factories of Ufa, Kuibyshev, Moscow, Irkutsk, Saratov and Penza.
In December 1964 a workshop for the production of unpolished tempered glass that is stalinite was put into operation. The products were produced on the first slit port furnace with the capacity of 200 thousand m2 per year. Glass edges were processed with abrasive; scratches were polished with a spherical felt disc.
Unpolished tempered glass was used for glazing of cars, tractors and buses. Stalinite from Salavat Technical Glass Plant was widely used at the Ulyanovsk Automobile Plant, Volgograd Tractor Plant, Volzhsky and Kamsky automobile plants, and Kurgan Bus Plant.
The first Head of the workshop for the production of unpolished tempered glass was Shutovsky. The first foremen: Sultangildina, Lagunova, Bikbulatova, Seskutova; first masters of tempering and facet - Sankina, Petrikova, Shaikhislamova, Batashova, Vasilieva, Afanasyeva. Specialists who continued the production were: Kareeva, Blinnikova, Ivanova, Mirasova, Akhmerova, Tsibulskaya, Stabrova, Evseeva, Mavlyutova, Khrykina, Samsonova, Yakovleva, Iontseva, Shaikhislamov, Nikolaev, Kozlov, Kamyshlova, Bakaeva, Lapshina.
Mirrors production appeared at the enterprise in 1967 as a part of the crate workshop and repair and construction site. Earlier, in 1966, the first Head of the workshop Arbuzov began to assemble equipment for the production of mirrors. Designers of the plant made a project of the workshop.
In April 1969, the workshop mastered the production of mirrors by silvering. The first silvering master - Rogova, facet master - Hasanova, Karakozova, carver - Tikhonova, foremen - Romadanova, Chueva. There was also the first inventor and craftsman - Kuklin.
Initially, the technology of making a mirror plate for furniture needs was a method of depositing silver from a solution on a glass surface. In 1971, silver was replaced by the vacuum method. The power engineer Muravyev, electrician Vladimirov, and metal worker Sergeev M. were developing this technology.
In 1977 the production area of the workshop was expanded for the production of prismatic mirrors, intended to complete the vehicles of Volzhsky and Kamsky automobile plants. Mechanized line, equipped with imported and domestic equipment, was the only one in the country at that time and had a design capacity of 2.6 million pieces of mirrors per year. Many specialists worked hard in the workshop: Haziakhmetov, Selin, Bobrov, Makarova, Urazgulova, Okolzina, Kadinova, Semendyaeva, Vyazovtseva, Nasyrova, Sevrina and others.
In 1994 under the direction of Head of the workshop Semiglazov, the area for the production of spatial structures and furniture made of glass - tables, coffee tables and shelves - was organized.
In April 2002 the machine for archy facet processing was launched. The new equipment allowed to obtain the required configuration of the facet width up to 40 millimeters and to process mirror surfaces with diameters up to 2200 millimeters.
In autumn of the same year the second machine began to work on the facet width to 60 millimeters mirrors up to three meters in length. Double or triple faceting with different angles of refraction became possible according to customers' requirements, especially furniture makers.
Unfortunately, time had its course and in 2009 the production of mirrors at the factory was discontinued.
Start of production of patterned sheet glass and carpet mosaic tiles
On June 7, 1968 a section of carpet-mosaic tiles with the capacity of 300 thousand m2 per year was put into operation at the silicate clay production workshop. Tiles with the size 15x15 mm were used for facing of exterior walls, columns, panels, design of panels. In 1978, the production of carpet and mosaic tiles was started on the newly built second line. The production waste of household thermoses and blown cups instead of traditional in glassmaking batch and cullet was used as raw material.
In 1968 the Glass grinding and polishing workshop with the capacity of 300 thousand m2 per year on individual machines PPS-73 was put into operation. The first batch of sheets of polished glass was released in October, 29. Grinding and polishing was carried out on 10 grinding and 26 polishing machines, manual physical labor was used.
Start of production of shaped tempered glass.
Start of production of heat-soundproofing materials of ATM-1 brand.
Start of production of table glassware, construction of two-stage glass molding line.
Start of thermoses production
The nominal capacity of the workshop was 6 millions 340 thousands of thermoses per year. The best workers, engineers and technicians of the plant were gathered there, among them - Akhmerov, Vladimirov, Galiakberov, Zharov, Safikov, Kryuchko. Almost 50 percent of the plant personnel worked in thermos workshop at that time. The big contribution to start-up and stable work of the workshop was made by the workers of the repair and erection team, as well as by Deputy Head of the workshop Melnikov and the adjuster of the silvering section Shuvalov.
Ecologically friendly, lightweight, keeping the temperature inside the flask longer than metal thermoses, Salavat thermoses of 0.5, 0.75 and 1 liter capacity were sold all over the country and neighboring countries. They were also sold in stores of Salavat.
Every product has its strictly definite life cycle, especially if it is mass consumption product. It can be prolonged by continuous improvement of technology and sales, which unfortunately couldn't be done in thermoses production in the period of 20 years. Substitution of equipment, technology and assortment required considerable investments, which at that time the plant had no means to get. Therefore, the production of thermoses gradually went down, and then it ceased to exist at all.
Start of two-stage glass molding line
On September 29, 1975 the complex for production of polished glass by the domestic method of two-stage ribbon molding on molten tin was put into operation.
The reconstruction process was headed by Head of the workshop Valentin Dmitrievich Tokarev. He was assisted by Rozhkov, Lobanov, Tikhomirov, Leontyev, Salikhov, Yapparova, Opyatyuk. Glass makers, machinists, operators, stone masons, metal workers, electricians were trained: Abdullin, Rogozin, Fedorov, Ermakov, Chuev, Chukhrov, Larichev, Khalidullin, Artyushenko, Minkov, Ivanov, Chushkin, Karimov, Shamukaev, Brylev, Dyadechko, Chernov, Shirokikh, Nizamov, Volkov, Lagunov, Sukharev, Kosenko, Suyergulov, Volodkin. Everybody was first, everybody was needed. It was a victory that put the plant among the largest in the USSR.
Start of drinking glass line.
The release of Salavat glass drinking glasses started in 1977 on a Hungarian line. The equipment was manufactured by a company producing electric light bulbs and was not used for drinking glass production. However, thanks to the persistence of technologists Rozhkova, Kormilitsina, adjusters and operators, the company managed to produce products that were in demand for several years.
Veterans of the plant still remember the time when tons of drinking glasses were sent to consumers in different parts of the former Soviet Union.
Start of the line for the production of insulating glass units.
On September 22, 1977 the automated and mechanized line for the production of insulating glass units was put into operation. Insulating glass units are used for glazing of industrial, residential, civil buildings.
Start of the production of crystal products.
In 1978 the furnace of the glass beads area was reconstructed for melting crystal glass. By November 7, 1978 the first experimental samples of products were received: tableware and chandeliers. In 1989 the crystal glass melting furnace was reconstructed. Its capacity increased up to 3 tons of glass per day. The furnace was lit up on September 16, and in a month the first crystal items were produced.
Ivanova, Petrikova, Kiseleva, Markina, Romanova, Yuldasheva, and Surgucheva worked in the workshop for many years. Not a single piece of crystal or colored glass was born without the artistic work of craftsman Antipin.
Start of production of laminated glass triplex.
In January 1981, the production of glass triplex was put into operation in the workshop for the production of technical glass. The capacity of the first line for the production of bent automobile glass is 250 thousand m2 per year, the second line - 246.66 thousand m2. The glass triplex consists of two glasses, between which is an intermediate layer - a polyvinyl butyral film, which ensures increased safety of the glass by reducing the risk of injury with broken fragments. The first Head of the workshop was Nikolay Shornikov.
Reconstruction of production, start of the thermal glass ribbon forming line.
Construction and commissioning of the first production line of glass containers
In the mid-1990s there was a demand for vodka bottles in Bashkortostan. The outdated workshop for production of household thermoses was re-equipped for glass containers production. A fully automated metering and mixing unit was used to produce competitive bottles. The line enabled production of the whole range of bottles from 0.33 liters to 1.0 liters. On June 24, 1998 the first glass containers line was put into operation.
Technical capabilities allowed to produce products of any shape. Geometrical control of product parameters was provided. Competitiveness was supported by the awareness of the Salavat bottle, its memorable shape and quality.
Due to an increase in demand for the product, on September 29, 2000 the second line of glass containers was launched, which allowed to increase the volume of products and expand the assortment to three types. By the end of 2008 the company was already producing 18 kinds of bottles.
The first Head of the workshop was Artur Donster.
The following people took active participation in the construction, start-up and commissioning of the workshop: deputy chief of technology Yachevsky, master Budilov, glassmaker Almukeyev, adjusters Galiakberov, Zhukov, Mikhailov, Kulukbaev, operators Denisov, Khamitov, toolmakers Shakiryanov, Burenin, Vasilyev.
Start of production of liquid sodium glass.
In October 2001 the production of liquid glass started at the new section of the silicate clay workshop, the production of which had originally been at the repair and erection team section.
Start of the first and second float lines for high quality glass production after reconstruction.
The production capacity of the first float line was 600 tons per day and of the second one - 500 tons per day.
The first shipment of 6,000x3,210mm Jumbo glass was made in 2006.
Start of the new production site for soluble sodium silicate
As a result of the reconstruction of the silicate-clay area, all stages of the production of soluble sodium silicate - from batch preparation to transportation to the warehouse - were automated. The production capacity increased to 300 tons per day.
Start of production of thermal and soundproofing materials of UTB and MTB brands.
Production of heat-insulating mats MTP-AS for nuclear power plants.
Two glass factories were merged: publicly owned JSC “Salavatsteklo” and publicly owned JSC “Salavatstroysteklo” .
The development of architectural glass with a coating
The production cycle is based on the latest high-tech European equipment for applying nanocoatings. Patented technology allows creating architectural glass of any color with solar control and heat-saving properties.
By 2018, 23 products with a coating on the glass have been developed so far. Works of increasing the productivity and quality of the shipped products continue.
JSC “Saratovstroysteklo” started production of in bulk tinted glass: bronze, green, and gray.
JSC "Salavatsteklo" has mastered the production of in bulk tinted glass: bronze, gold-bronze, gray, light green.
JSC “Saratovstroysteklo” opened a coating workshop with a capacity of 8 million m2 per year.
JSC "Salavatsteklo" launched a mirror line, designed for the production of 4 million m2 of plate-glass mirror per year.
By 2019 the glass containers workshop mastered the production of bottles for acetic acid bottling. During the period from 2010 to 2020, the range of products manufactured increased from 10 types to 55 types of various design, configuration, capacity and purpose - vodka, beer, strongly sparkling drinks, for acetic acid bottling.